Welcome to Cluj-Napoca!
Uploaded by history, but both promoter of some of the latest ideas and Romanian and international awards, Cluj-Napoca is the most important urban center of Transylvania and is called as of October 16, 1974, when they celebrated 1850 years of certification documentary that municipality. The name is the result of joining the latin word Cluj (clusa – closed) and Napoca, if the name of the city. The first document dates from 1275, titled villa Kluswar.Era known in the Middle Ages for its prosperity and, therefore, was nicknamed “City of Treasure”.
He invites his contemporaries today’s medieval streets to discover its architectural beauty of the buildings, but also the soul of the people, shaped by centuries of geographical conditions , economic and historical, and cultural influences that made them famous in Transylvania by seriousness, cogitation and frugality. Cluj-Napoca is located in the center of Transylvania. Located in the connection between the Apuseni Mountains, Transylvania Plain Somes Plateau, the city is located at the intersection of the parallel 46 ° 46 ‘N to longitude 23 ° 36′ E. It covers Somes Mic river valleys and Nadas and some extensions, the Popesti side valleys, Chintau, Borhanciului and kings. To the south-east, occupies the upper terrace area on the northern side of the hill Feleac. The city is bordered to the south and east of Hill Feleac Somesana Plain stretches and hills north of town is Cluj. Towards the west is a series of hills, like Hoia Hill, Hill Garbaului was Formerly outside the city, now inside, however, is the hill Calvary hill fortress.
Cluj-Napoca is divided into over 15 districts, some of them with his own district mayor. They are arranged circularly around the center. The latter has masterfully combined architecture, the Gothic and Baroque styles. Mayor of Cluj-Napoca plans include the development of district mayors in most neighborhoods Cluj.
This city is one of the most important academic, cultural, industrial and business in Romania. The town is charming, and certainly an enjoyable experience for those who want to see urban Transylvanian life at its best. The cultural scene of the city is ideal for international tourists. Cosmopolitan and multicultural city, Cluj is characterized by a cultural activity – artistic intensity and a very active nightlife.
Cluj-Napoca impresses with its variety of cultural events, a consequence of the important dimensions of multicultural university. Festivals, shows, exhibitions, book launches can satisfy the most demanding tastes. Cluj-Napoca has always been a cultural and artistic center and is a tourist attraction, because of historical monuments belonging trcutului and because rich cultural and scientific activities favored by the inestimable value housed in museums and libraries national resonance, the existence theaters dramatic and lyrical, with broad and international audience and not least the existence Botanical Garden – notorious European settlement, inside which is a valuable botanical museum.
The main goals of the city today can be found downtown. Starting from this point radial set can discuss about Piata Unirii withBiserica Sfantului Mihail si Statuia lui Matei Corvin , along with Ruinele Romane. Starting north from the zero point of the city, you can cross the street Memorandum to reach the Piata Muzeului. This space is a cubic paved tiles where craftsmen often, or open their stalls for local artists to sell their art produced. Somewhat habit makes passersby to think about times when trade artisans thrive inside the city, giving them a source of livelihood of the inhabitants. Found in Piata Muzeului Obeliscul Carolina, Casa Memoriala Matei Corvin and Manastirea Franciscana. Scattered inside the old buildings in this area are countless pubs and bars that life abounds. In south of Piata Unirii along the street there are Mihail Kogalniceanu is Biserica Piaristilor si Cladirea Centrala a Universitatii Babes – Bolyai. Obviously a list of tourist attractions in Cluj Napoca Operei Nationale should be added, Piata Avram Iancu , next to the Cathedral Adormirea Maicii Domnului, Bastion and Fire Tower, with the whole range of museums (Museum of Pharmacy, the Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania Museum of Art, Botanical Museum, and the Zoological Museum).
A particular objective of Cluj Napoca is the Botanical Garden, located on Republic Street. Garden brings together different plant species in areas of the world, is arranged on multiple spaces (typical Japanese, novel, for example) and with several greenhouses the visitors. These objectives listed are only part of the city for visits, remaining obviously more to be discovered and admired. In the vicinity of Cluj Napoca tourists can enjoy splendid views, enjoy the gorges of rivers such as Cold Somes, forests, and mountains, castles such as Castle Bánffy, or even from Salina Turda Gorges Turda. Beneficial positioning of the city, the high number of universities, and events or festivals they enjoy, make a place in the heart of Cluj Napoca Transylvania as curious attention, eager to visit new.
Great cultural, academic and industrial, Cluj-Napoca boasts chosen Romanian contributions to culture and science. It is also, an important center for scientific research and technological development. Currently, the city operates 23 research institutes and branches with a highly trained staff. Cluj-Napoca also stands as a center of culture marked by two drama theaters, two opera houses, two puppet theaters, four cultural houses, philharmonic, six museums, among them the National Museum of Transylvanian History dating from the century nineteenth century.
Former medieval fortress, Cluj is a city where life abounds student with a special flair of youth. The cobblestone streets with slabs, which make the transition from busy streets with cars, for that glimpse of history with medieval houses appropriated to one another, and infuse it another way air passers different from mundane bustle, flair or that only a few cities in the world it preserves.
Cluj-Napoca city was designated European Youth Capital in 2015 due to documentation that supports investing in youth for responsible and sustainable urban development.